Owning a pond is a unique and wonderful experience. Not only do you get to enjoy the natural beauty of water, plants, and fish, you also get to learn about the delicate ecosystem that exists in your pond. To ensure that your pond remains healthy and beautiful, it’s important to use a good-quality pond canister filter. In this buyer’s guide, we’ll take a look at some of the best pond canister filter options on the market today and help you choose the one that’s right for you. If you want a shortcut to our favorite pond canister filter, check out the OASE BioSmart 5000 Pond Filter. So whether you’re just getting started with ponds or you’re looking for an upgrade, read on for our top picks!
What is the Best Pond Canister Filter?
Our recommendation for the best pond canister filter is the OASE BioSmart 5000 Pond Filter. It is rated for ponds up to 5000 gallons and is very popular with pond owners. It is a reliable, fairly priced, powerful, and efficient pond filter for the money. If you’re looking specifically for a koi pond, check out our koi pond filter guide.
What is a Pond Filter?
Let’s start by taking a look at what exactly pond filters are and how they work. Generally, most people think that the purpose of filters is to remove waste from their fish tank or pond. Pond filters remove algae and debris, such as leaves, waste, and other organics. While this is true, there’s more to it than that! A good quality filter will also help remove various toxins such as ammonia and nitrite, which are harmful to your fish. When toxic substances are present in the water, they can be neutralized by nitrifying bacteria, which are also known as good bacteria. This is because of a natural biological process called the nitrogen cycle, which takes place in all aquariums and ponds. Filters help to remove harmful substances and harbor beneficial bacteria. By removing these harmful substances, you’ll be doing your fish and pond a huge favor.
Without a filter, ponds are at risk of suffering from water parameter imbalances and algae problems. However, this doesn’t mean you can just purchase any pond filter and it will suit your needs. It’s critical to select the proper filter for a pond.
Large ponds or ponds that are heavily stocked will require a filter system with enough capacity to clarify the water. Otherwise, you’re going to deal with consistent algae issues. This article will explore different pond filters available and help you make the right choice for your pond.
Types of Pond Filters
There are three major kinds of pond filters available: submersible, external, and sterilizers/clarifiers.
â€‹Submersible pond filters
As the name suggests, submersible filters go in your pond. They sit at the bottom of the pond. They’re housed in boxes that hold all of the filtration elements and pond pump and keep them working properly. Most submersible units provide mechanical and biological filtration. These filters are easy to use but require retrieval from the pond bottom when it is time for maintenance or filter changes. This can make them a challenging option for deep ponds.
External pond filters
As the name suggests, these filters sit outside the pond. They use a series of pipes to remove dirty water, pass it through the filter, and return clean water back to the pond. You have lots of options with these filters in terms of size, shape, and cost. They’re more complicated than all-in-one submersible filters. The trade-off is that they’re typically better filters and super easy to maintain, as you don’t have to drag them from the bottom of the pond. If you have a larger pond, this will definitely be your choice. External filters must be connected to a separate external or submersible pump in order to work.
Both submersible and external filters use mechanical, biological, and chemical filtration in order to keep your pond clean.
- Mechanical filtration: Uses a physical barrier, like foam, to filter out debris. Filter floss is an example.
- Biological filtration: Uses beneficial bacteria to convert waste products into nitrites. Uses biological media.
- Chemical filtration: Absorbs impurities with activated carbon or charcoal.
UV Sterilizers / Clarifiers
UV sterilizers and UV clarifiers remove bacteria and algae from the water through electromagnetic radiation. The main difference is in the strength of the UV bulb. UV clarifiers are less intense and only remove bacteria and algae. UV sterilizers are more intense and will remove bacteria, algae, parasitic protozoa, like ich.
UV light is electromagnetic radiation. Once the organisms die, they clump together and are easily removed by the filter.
One negative side effect is that these systems will kill good micro-organisms in your pond and can throw the ecosystem out of balance. Additionally, they don’t often actually contain a filter, meaning you will need to purchase a pond filter separately in order to filter the water.
How to Choose a Pond Canister Filter
It’s important to know what pond filter is best for your needs. There are a few things to consider when making the choice.
This is the most important factor. Your filter must be able to handle your pond size or else you face issues with dirty water and algae blooms. If you don’t already know your pond’s value, use this calculator.
Filter type overviews are above. Your basic choices are external or submersible. A submersible filter is easy to install, quiet, and operates below the surface, so you won’t ever see it except during maintenance. However, submersible filters are known to be less efficient, making them a poor choice for large or heavily stocked ponds.
External filters are typically more powerful but they will be visible to anyone viewing your pond. They tend to be more powerful but also louder. They’re typically the right choice for larger, heavily stocked ponds.
How Many Fish Are There?
If your pond is heavily stocked with fish, you’re going to need a filter that has the capacity to handle the amount of waste produced. It’s important to check how many gallons your pond holds and then figure out how many fish it can support. You need a filter that can support both of these elements. This will keep your water clear and prevent algae blooms.
If your pond is fairly shallow, you can use a submersible filter. Submersible filters are simple to install because they do not require additional pumps. They’re the plug-and-play option.
External pond filters are typically more challenging to install. They don’t always come with installation hardware so you might need to purchase everything separately. This takes additional time and money.
If you’re a beginner with a small pond, submersible is a great place to start. If you’re experienced with a large pond, choose an external filter. If you’re a beginner and you have some extra time to install your pond filter, you’ll be able to do it, but just know that it might require a little extra effort.
You don’t need to clean your pond filter often – once or twice a year is sufficient as you don’t want to disturb the beneficial bacteria colonies.
Submersible filters are easy to clean but require pulling up the filter from the bottom of the pond.
External water filters can be more challenging when it comes to maintenance because most need backwashingâ€”a process where you release the pressure from the filter so you can clean it out.
Depending on the filter, most pond filters come with a warranty that typically lasts 1-3 years. If you plan on keeping your filter for a long time, consider the warranty when making a choice. This will help protect your investment.
Why You Need a Filter for Your Pond?
Ponds can get dirty quickly – from your fish, from weather stirring up the pond, and from organic debris falling into the pond. Without a pond filter, this process will occur faster, and will also cause the nitrogen cycle to get out of balance quicker.
If your pond is not properly filtered, dangerous toxins will start to accumulate in the pond, and those can be harmful to the fish.
A good pond filter will keep the ammonia and nitrates in check and prevent debris and organic matter like leaves and sticks from accumulating in the water.
How Often Should I Clean My Pond Filter?
Pond filters are not something you want to clean on a weekly, monthly or even quarterly basis. They harbor beneficial bacteria that can be completely eradicated if you clean them out too frequently. If cleaned too frequently, you will destroy these bacteria colonies, which will throw the nitrogen cycle out of balance.
We recommend cleaning once or twice a year – potentially right before winter and summer, so you have a fresh filter to handle the potential temperature and weather extremes. For general pond maintenance, we also recommend a pond vacuum.
Best Pond Canister Filter Options
- OASE BioSmart 5000 Pond Filter
- Fluval FX4 High-Performance Aquarium Filter
- Aquascape 95053 UltraKlean 2000 Gallon Biological Pressure Filter
- XtremepowerUS 10000L KOI Pond Fish Pressure Bio Filter 13W UV Sterilizer
- Grech Pond Bio Pressure Filter, UVC Upto 1600 gal, 13W
- Laguna PF3000 24W Pressure Flo Filter
- TotalPond Complete Pond Filter with UV Clarifier
This OASE BioSmart Pond Filter is an excellent option that is very popular. It offers both biological and mechanical filtration. The filter is powerful and reliable.
This filter works well for medium-sized ponds up to 5,000 gallons. There is also a larger version of the filter available (BioSmart 10000) which works for ponds of 10.000 gallons.
The filter also promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria, which help convert harmful ammonia into less toxic substances.
It also includes a built-in cleaning indicator so you know when the filter needs cleaning. No guesswork on maintenance with this option. It also displays the temperature of the water.
- Suitable for ponds up to 5,000 gallons
- Easy installation
- Built-in cleaning indicator
- Powerful filter
Fluval is a well-known brand for quality aquarium products. The Fluval FX4 is the smaller, more compact version of the FX6. Despite being smaller and more compact, it is powerful and works well for smaller ponds. It provides mechanical, chemical and biological filtration. This canister filter has a pump output of 700 gallons of water and a filter circulation of 450 GPH. This unit moves a lot of water. It is not ideal for huge ponds though – best to stick with a pond under 1000 gallons.
It comes with some key technologies such as “Smart Pump,” which monitors and optimizes filtration efforts means the quality of filtration is continually being assessed so you’re operating in the most efficient mode possible.
- Pump output of 700 gallons of water
- Filter circulation of 450 GPH
- Reliable brand
- Efficient filter
- Not the best choice for large ponds
What we like
- Excellent filtration capabilities
- Backwash cleaning is effortless
- Fast flow rate, ideal for large ponds
This UltraKlean filter is a highly regarded filter for its efficiency and output. This model has a flow rate of up to 2700 GPH. It is rated for ponds up to 2000 gallons. As a bonus, this filter also has a UV sterilizer that gets rid of algae, helping keep your pond super clean. There is a larger version of this filter available for pond up to 3500 gallons if you need to size up.
This filter option has a cleaning indication system that alerts you when the filter needs a refresh or wastewater needs to be removed. Maintenance is very straightforward with this filter – backwash the filter when the indicator alerts you. It will just take a few minutes and you won’t have to touch the filter or get your hands dirty at all.
- Rated for ponds up to 2000 gallons
- Includes cleaning indication sytem
- Includes UV sterilizer for extra clean pond water
- Can size up if you have a bigger pond
- Some users report filter breaks within a year
If you’re looking for a more affordable pond filter option with a UV sterilizer, this filter is a great option. It is a powerful filter and is rated for ponds up to 4000 gallons. Its flow rate per hour is 2700 gallons, which means it is both powerful and efficient.
This option includes a 13W UV light to help neutralize algae in your pond. This extra step will help keep any potential algae blooms under control.
Our main complaint with this option is the instructions. They appear to be written by a non-native English speaker, which can make them a little challenging to interpret. However, most filter owners were able to easily install and use this filter, despite the instructions issue.
- Rated for ponds up to 4000 gallons
- Flow rate is 2700 GPH
- Includes UV light
- Instructions can be confusing
If you have a smaller pond, the Grech pond filter could be a great option for you. It is rated for ponds up to 1600 gallons. It is more affordable than some of the other options on the list, which is a huge selling point in a market where pond filters can be quite expensive.
One thing we like about this filter choice is the aesthetics; it is designed so that is not too visible as it needs to be dug in at the edge of the pond. This helps keep the visual disturbance to a minimum.
This filter also comes with a pump and an integrated UV unit. This is definitely an all-in-one type option. It also provides high-quality mechanical and biological filtration. It neutralizes algae and other potential pond pollutants and then removes the clumps of dead algae via the filter.
We love the affordability of this option making it great value for the money!
- Rated for ponds up to 1600 gallons
- Great value
- Includes pump and UV unit
- Less visible in pond
- Doesn’t include bioballs; will need to purchase
This pond filter provides all the major filtration methods – mechanical, biological, and ultraviolet treatment of your pond water. This is a sealed canister filter, so you can place it next to the pond or partially bury it nearby. This option is rated for ponds up to 3000 gallons but other size options are available.
Like some of the other options on this list, this filter has an indicator for when your filter needs to be cleaned. Cleaning is straightforward with this pond filter; you simply raise and lower cleaning handles while opening the diverter valve. The dirty will be flushed from the system. But no worries! It is not wasted water and it can be used as an organic fertilizer in your garden. Your vegetables and plant will thank you!
This option also has a built-in UV bulb that kills algae as moves through the canister. Clean pond water is in your near future!
- Rated for ponds up to 3000 gallons
- Includes 4 filter foams and 3200 g of Bio-Lava Rock
- Includes energy-efficient UV bulbs
- Powerful filtration
- Some users report small leak issues
This TotalPond pond filter is a great option. It has an external pressurized filter design. The TotalPond filter may be positioned anywhere, including beneath the water, owing to the pressurization.
This filter includes two layers of foam pads that capture debris. Because they’re physically removing debris, you will need to clean them periodically. This filter also comes with plastic bio balls for beneficial bacteria colonies.
Additionally, this filter includes an integrated 9-watt UV clarifier. This is a super helpful element that will neutralize algae, making your water crystal clear versus green-tinted.
This filter is ideal for ponds on the smaller side; it is rated for ponds up to 1200 gallons.
The filter does not come with a water pump so plan on purchasing a pump when mapping out your budget.
- Rated for ponds up to 1200 gallons
- Includes UV clarifier
- Affordable filter
- Doesn’t include a water pump
- Only suitable for small ponds
Conclusion: Pond Canister Filter Options
The best pond filter for your situation will be different depending on your pond size, fish stocking levels, and overall pond needs. We have outlined our favorite pond filters available on the market today but we’re always curious to understand what our readers find to be most successful. Tell us about your pond filtration system! We know how important it is to have an effective water treatment plan in place so we are always looking to learn more!